The Future of Evacuation: Innovative Designs and Technologies in Evacuation Chairs

The Future of Evacuation: Innovative Designs and Technologies in Evacuation Chairs

Emergency evacuations can be stressful and challenging for everyone involved, especially for those with disabilities or limited mobility. Evacuation chairs are crucial tools that allow people with mobility issues to evacuate a building safely and quickly during an emergency. Proper evacuation chair training is essential for ensuring that these devices are used correctly and effectively during an evacuation.

Over the years, evacuation chairs have evolved to become more efficient, comfortable, and easy to use. In this article, we will explore the latest innovative designs and technologies in evacuation chairs and how they are shaping the future of evacuation.

Innovative Designs in Evacuation Chairs


Stair-Climbing Evacuation Chairs

Stairs are a major obstacle for many people during a fire evacuation. Stair-climbing evacuation chairs are designed to overcome this challenge. These chairs come with tracks or wheels that allow them to climb up and down stairs with ease. 

They also have an adjustable handle that allows the user to control the speed and direction of the chair. Stair-climbing evacuation chairs are perfect for multi-level buildings and can be used by anyone, regardless of their mobility.

Foldable Evacuation Chairs

Foldable evacuation chairs are designed to be compact and easy to store. They can be folded down to a small size, making them ideal for buildings with limited storage space. 

These chairs are also lightweight, making them easy to carry and transport during an emergency evacuation. Foldable evacuation chairs are perfect for small to medium-sized buildings.

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Electric Evacuation Chairs

Electric evacuation chairs are designed to be powered by electricity, making them ideal for larger buildings. These chairs come with rechargeable batteries that can be charged overnight and are capable of evacuating multiple people in a single charge. They also come with safety features such as automatic brakes and adjustable speed controls.

Tilt Evacuation Chairs

Tilt evacuation chairs are designed to provide maximum comfort and support during an emergency evacuation. These chairs come with a tilt function that allows the user to recline the chair, reducing pressure on their back and neck.

They also have adjustable headrests and footrests, providing additional support and comfort during the evacuation.


Innovative Technologies in Evacuation Chairs

Evacuation chairs have come a long way since their inception, and today, innovative technologies are revolutionizing the evacuation process. Here are some of the latest technologies in evacuation chairs:

GPS Tracking

GPS tracking technology is a valuable addition to evacuation chairs. This technology allows emergency responders to track the location of the chair and its occupants during an evacuation. In emergency situations, people may become separated, and locating them can be difficult. GPS tracking technology helps to overcome this issue by providing accurate and real-time location data. It also assists rescuers in locating individuals who require assistance.

Stair-Descent Systems

Stair-descent systems are another innovative technology in evacuation chairs. These systems use sensors and computer algorithms to control the speed and direction of the chair as it descends stairs. By controlling the speed and direction of the chair, these systems ensure a safe and steady descent, reducing the risk of injury. Stair-descent systems are particularly useful for individuals with limited mobility, as they allow for a smoother and more comfortable evacuation experience.

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Automated Braking Systems

Automated braking systems are designed to prevent accidents during an emergency evacuation. These systems use sensors and computer algorithms to detect obstacles in the chair’s path and automatically apply the brakes if necessary. This technology is particularly useful in crowded areas, where collisions can easily occur. By applying the brakes automatically, the risk of accidents and injuries during an evacuation is significantly reduced.

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LED Lighting

LED lighting is another innovative technology in evacuation chairs. This technology provides additional lighting during an emergency evacuation, making it easier for people to navigate dark stairwells and corridors. In emergency situations, people may panic, and the lack of lighting can cause confusion and disorientation.

LED lighting helps to overcome this issue by providing additional lighting, which makes it easier for people to see where they are going. Additionally, LED lighting can be used to signal for help or to identify the chair during an evacuation.

These innovative technologies in evacuation chairs are making the evacuation process safer, faster, and more efficient. With the use of GPS tracking, stair-descent systems, automated braking systems, and LED lighting, individuals can evacuate from a building with greater ease and confidence.

Key Features of Top Evacuation Chair Models


Model Manufacturer Weight Capacity Key Features
Evac+Chair 300H MK4 Evac+Chair International 182kg – 2″ webbing on the seat and back for added comfort and support – Extended handles for better grip and leverage – Wall mounting bracket for easy storage and accessibility
S-CAPEPLUS S-CAPE Evacuation Products 200kg – Double wheel technology for enhanced stability and maneuverability – Patented adjustable backrest for added comfort and support – Self-braking system for added safety
ResQmat EvacuationChairShop 150kg – Compact and lightweight design for easy transport – Non-slip surface and handles for added safety and grip – Two-person carrying capacity for added support
StairPro 625 Stryker Corporation 227kg – Adjustable seat belts for added safety and comfort <br>- Armrests for added support and stability – Extra-wide seat for added comfort
Escape-Mattress Escape Mobility Company 250kg – Inflatable mattress for added comfort and support – Roll-and-fold design for easy storage and transport – Anti-slip base for added safety

How to Maintain an Evacuation Chair


Who can use evacuation chairs?
Evacuation chairs can be used by anyone who has mobility issues, including those with disabilities, pregnant women, and the elderly.

How do I use an evacuation chair?
Most evacuation chairs come with instructions on how to use them properly. Generally, you should secure the person in the chair using the safety straps, ensure the brakes are engaged, and use the handles to guide the chair down the stairs.

How do I choose the right evacuation chair for my building?
The type of evacuation chair you choose will depend on the size and layout of your building, as well as the needs of the people who will be using them. It’s important to consider factors such as weight capacity, storage space, and ease of use when selecting an evacuation chair.

Are evacuation chairs expensive?
The cost of an evacuation chair will vary depending on the type and features of the chair. However, most evacuation chairs are a worthwhile investment, as they can help ensure the safety of everyone in the building during an emergency evacuation.



  1. “Evacuation Chairs and Their Importance in Emergency Evacuation” by Safety Media. Accessed April 21, 2023.
  2. “The Evolution of Evacuation Chairs” by Evac+Chair. Accessed April 21, 2023.
  3. “The Role of Evacuation Chairs in Emergency Planning and Evacuation” by Advanced Evacuation Solutions. Accessed April 21, 2023.
  4. “Designing for Inclusive Emergency Evacuation Using Evacuation Chairs” by Emergency Management Australia. Accessed April 21, 2023.
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